Blog by Physiotherapist and clinical Pilates instructor Ashley Saba.

The Temporomandibular joints (TMJ) are the two joints on either side of the jaw that connect the jaw bone(the mandible) to the skull bone (the temporal bone).

Common causes of jaw pain:

  • Poor neck posture and neck pain
  • Displacement of the joint’s cartilage disc
  • Grinding and clenching the teeth together
  • Malalignment of the TMJ or arthritis
  • Jaw muscle dysfunction


  • Jaw pain when eating
  • Locking with opening jaw
  • Popping / clicking
  • Reduced range of movement
  • Temporal headaches



After a comprehensive assessment, your Physiotherapist will determine the cause of your TMJ dysfunction. Therapy may include:

  • Massage to relax the muscles around the jaw
  • Mobilisations (improving movement) of the joints
  • Education on neck posture and treatment of neck pain if present
  • Education on clenching/grinding the teeth
  • Potential referral to dentist for night splint to prevent clenching during the night
  • Specific corrective exercises targeting muscle imbalance


 If your Jaw pain is concerning you,come in and see you Physiotherapist so we can change your life!.  🙂